عنوان مقاله [English]
The old city of Sirjan was one of the five counties of Kerman during the Islamic period. The location of the city was changed several times, According to the archaeological surveys and Historical sources. The city of Sirjan developed at the Qal’e Sang site during the medieval centuries to 9th century AH. Authors discovered new archaeological evidence in Qal’e Sang during their excavations. These findings are very important because of their quantity and variety. The questions are: what are the main types of the Islamic ceramics of Qal’e Sang? When did they belong? What are the features of the pottery industry and the local production in Qal’e Sang? Data were collected via documentary and field method. The research methodology is descriptive-analytical. The purposes of the analysis are relative chronology of the ceramics, explaining the cultural interactions between Sirjan and other regions, explaining the development and decline process of Qal’e Sang, Awareness of the local ceramic productions. Results show that there are various types of ceramics from the Middle Elamite period to the Qajar in Qal’e Sang, but most of the ceramics belong to the 6th to the 9th century AH. These ceramics are similar to the samples of Jiroft, Ghubayra, Kashan, Reyy, Farahan, Jorjan, Nishapur, Belgheys at Esfarayen, the historical sites in the north of the Persian Gulf, Al-Mataf and Kush and Al-Hulaylah at Ras Al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates). Some of the ceramics were imported from Azerbaijan and Afghanistan. Some of the blue-white ceramics and Celadons were also imported from China. Finally, the study of the ceramics shows that: trade between Sirjan and the cities at the Persian Gulf coast was developed. The relations between Sirjan and the Persian Gulf would create a commercial network in the southern part of Iran, and these relations led to the development of the southern cities.