عنوان مقاله [English]
There are few studies in the Bijar region. The only excavation in the area is the excavation of the Gheshlagh Tepe which is carried out in three seasons by the Motarjem and sharifi. The result was the continuation of the settlement from the Early, to Late Chalcolithic Period (Sharifi & Motarjem, 2014). But no site of the Early Bronze Age has been excavated in the region. So paying attention to the Pirtaj Mound is very important, because excavation on this mound led to the identification of a site from the Early Bronze Age in the high-altitude region between the east of the central Zagros and the southern basin of the Lake Urmia . While cultural relations of the two regions were previously discussed in Archaeological studies, there was still no information available on the existence of intermediary locations.
The Pirtaj mound is located at 35 K.M of the Bijar township, Kurdistan province, with Geographical coordinates (UTM: 39 S 241720.60, 3960714.02) and 1688m height above the sea level.The mound consists of an ancient stack with dimensions of 140 and a width of 120 meters and a height of 5 meters. Two sounds were excavated on this mound. In the sound of T.T.10. three layers identified. The first layer is Agricultural accumulation and the second and third layer are cultural Accumulation belonged to the Early bronze Age. The pieces of pottery, bones and ash remains are the cultural materials available in this sound. In the excavation of the T.T.11 sound, four layers were identified. The two upper layers represent the cultural accumulation Belonging to the Early bronze Age and the two lower layers represent sedimentary deposits. Due to the sequence of layers in this sound, the cultural layers of the Pirtaj are formed on the surface of a low-volume and low-level natural hill.