عنوان مقاله [English]
In the cuneiform texts of Sargon II period, the name of Karalla has been mentioned several times as a territory located in the west of modern Iran which their inhabitants resisted among the Assyrian invaders several times. So far, some researchers as Wright, Levin, Frame and others have suggested several options for locating this toponym, especially in the zone the cities of Sardasht, Marivan and the region of Uramanat. So far none of these suggestions have not been accepted by majority of scholars. The discovery of a new clue by the author indicates that after centuries the name of the mentioned place has been preserved on the name of a native species of pomegranate of Paveh and Uramanat region. This new finding, in addition to Tang-i var inscription, largly confirms the possibility of adaptation of ancient Karalla with the modern Uramanat and confirms the opinion of those researchers who searched for ancient Karalla within the Uramanat region.
Regarding to the new evidences, we can determine the suppositional territory of ancient Karalla as a mountain area with the centrality of Uramanat which restricted to Sarvabad and southern part of Marivan in the north, Halabjeh in Iragi Kurdistan in the west, Javanrud and plain of Rawansar in the south, and the plain of Kamyaran in the east. The natural and main characteristic of the mentioned area is existence of the elevated and sloping mountains and deep and narrow valleys that acted as a natural snag against foreign invaders. Regarding to the available evidence, it seems that some sites in the mentioned area which have occupation layers of Iron age III, are in some way related to the material culture of the ancient Karalla people. Undoubtedly, future targeted excavations in the Uramanat will create a big leap in our knowledge about Karalla and forced Assyrian presence in western Iran.