عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Archaeology has faced with different schools such as Processual and Post-Processual Archaeology in the last decades. These, have always attempted to change the traditional school of archaeology, using other sciences to gain new and different achievements; one of these interdisciplinary sciences is literature. It is clear that the literature has played a key role in the history, culture and architecture of Iran. Regardless to using inscriptions and tiles in architecture decorated by poems of the greatest Iranian poets, since their notions includes thoughts and beliefs of the societies in which the poet had lived, it is possible to study the practical and spiritual applications of architectural elements via their poems. Therefore, the current study is trying to find out the practico-spiritual notions of the elements of the Islamic architecture of Iran in Hafez’s poetry using the Processual school and interdisciplinary sciences. Aiming to do so, all of professional words and idioms related to architecture have extracted, and then have interpretated as includes practico-spiritual architectural elements concepts.