عنوان مقاله [English]
Coins are among the most precious material for the study of the economic, political and cultural structure of societies during the different historical periods. Numismatic studies are used as a complementary science for historical studies. So often that, applying the numismatic has been proofed by archaeologists, historians, history of art’s researchers and other related sciences. Although historical sources represent a vague image of Alexander, the plenty of Alexander’s issues give us significant information concerning Alexander and his period. Therefore, his coinage is considered as the first-hand sources in archaeological and historical researches.
Many studies regarding Alexander’s coinage have been published abroad for more than a century. However, Alexander’s coinage studies have some deficiencies in Iran.
According to this research, the mints of Alexander’ coinage, based on Alexander’s drachms at Falak-ol-Aflak Museum in Khorram Abad, will be introduced for the first time. 20 drachms were identified from 23 drachms in this collection. Greek and Roman sources have been utilised for this research, in addition, different catalogues and library studies were employed for the identification of coins. Studying of weight, legend, symbol, badge and showed Alexander’s drachms at Falak-ol-Aflak Museum were produced in Asia Minor’s mints such as Lampsacus, Abydus, Colophon, Mylasa, Sardes and Magnesia. All of the six mints were considered as the most important mints which were responsible to struck alexander’s drachms. The mints started to produce drachms just several years after the conquest of Alexander in Asia Minor. Issues were minted between 323-297 B.C. and are belonging to the last year of Alexander’s life to before the last battles of his successors. The presence of these coins in Luristan might be in related to the political events during that period especially for the consecutive wars of Alexander’s successors. On the other hand, Alexander’s drachms might through trading arrived in Luristan.