عنوان مقاله [English]
Coins are one of the most important sources for understanding art, politics, and economics in any era; sometimes by studying the coins of one era we can reveal the vague historical and important events which led to that coinage. The coins of the seventh king of Sassanid Narseh, son of ShapurI, also have this feature and provide us with valuable information on the Narseh uprising and civil wars at the end of the reign of Bahram II, which made Narseh to ascent upon the thrown. Narseh stayed away from the royal throne for a long time after Shapur's death, and his brothers Hormuz and Bahram I and afterwards, Bahram II son of Bahram I got the kingdom respectively. Narseh finally succeeded to the kingdom in 293 AD and ruled Iran until 302 AD. Prior to his reign, Narseh, with the help of a number of his supporters, attempted to mint gold coins, which in turn is a new measure in the art of Sassanid coinage, since gold coins were until then exclusively owned by the Sassanian monarch, and Narseh was the first who minted the gold coin while he was not king to show any signs of protest and rebellion, which was a turning point in the art of Sassanid coinage.. Therefore, the Narseh coins are subdivided into two groups, Coins before his ascent upon the thrown and the Coins after that, each of which are subdivided into several different subgroups. In this article, the author examines and compares the similarities and differences of these coins, such as the royal diadem, a symbolic and decisive element in the science of coinage, the decorations and features used on the observe and reverse of the coins, and the study of the inscriptions as well as the nicknames by which Narseh describes himself and also explains why the gold coins of Narseh would be minted before his ascent upon the thrown.